Cannabis and Pregnancy
The health risks of cannabis in pregnancy have not been clearly established. For the woman they may include increased risk of respiratory problems, mood and other mental health problems, as well as financial and other social problems. Cannabis is often used mixed with tobacco, and the harm associated with tobacco in pregnancy is considerable.
While not clearly established, there is evidence from some studies of a risk of later developmental problems in babies born to cannabis dependant mothers. These include memory and thinking difficulties and an increased risk of ADHD.
There is also some evidence that babies exposed to cannabis in the womb might have a higher risk of mental health problems in later life and also be more prone to cannabis dependence themselves.
Cannabis and breastfeeding
There is not a lot of evidence about the effects on babies of cannabis in breastmilk. (This is because these kinds of studies have not yet been undertaken).
However, there is evidence that cannabis transmits to breastmilk and, as cannabis lasts a long time in the body, careful timing of breastfeeding, or expressing milk, won’t work as it does for alcohol.
It is reasonable to think that heavy use of cannabis while breastfeeding could have significant developmental effects on young babies.
Possible problems could include damaging brain development as has been shown to occur with cannabis exposure in the womb.
Cannabis and mental health
There is good evidence linking cannabis use to increased rates of mental health problems including depression, anxiety, and psychosis.
Do I use too much cannabis?
This is a difficult question to answer but there is evidence that any more than the occasional use of cannabis probably has negative effects. Certainly, regular or dependant use is likely to be associated with negative physical and mental consequences, which could impact on your chances of parenting to the best of your ability and giving your child the best start in life that you can.
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